Ankle and foot fractures

Ankle and foot fractures

According to my Injury classification system, ankle and foot fractures conditions is considered a Level 5, as per the five structures compromised in the injury, the alignment, muscle, ligamentous, cartilage and bone. Fractures generally causes significant pain at the level of the injury and substantial amount of inflammation due to the extent of tissue damage. Patients usually reports pain at night with severe morning stiffness and inability to weight bear.


Mechanism of Dysfunction

The predisposing factors for the development of this condition began with a misalignment dysfunction at the level of the tibia, talus or calcaneus, which overtime causes  the  soft tissue ligamentous, muscle and cartilage to become overloaded and compromised allowing the biomechanical stress to gradually reach the level of the bone and resulting in the  development of fractures

Is important to note that for the bone to become injured, the previous defence mechanisms have to have failed to allow the biomechanical stress to damage the bone, therefore, the treatment care must aim to restore the health of the entire ankle/foot protective structures.


Assessment Protocol

The entire lower extremity biomechanical chain must be evaluated as part of the foot/Ankle analyses as per the neurological and mechanical influences of the spine, hip, and knee.

Clinical assessment to identify the potential area of the fracture, identify the key joint dysfunctions of the Ankle/Foot (Tibia, Talus and Calcaneus) that have contributed to this condition. Soft tissue analysis to pinpoint the level of irritation in all tissue layers


 X-ray analysis

Anterior – Posterior (AP) X-ray ankle view is essential for proper diagnosing the master joint of the ankle (Tibia-Talus) and for evaluating potential fracture sites at the tibia, talus, and fibula

Lateral Xray view is important to check the level of misalignment of the calcaneus, navicular, and cuboid and for evaluating fracture sites.

Oblique view – Important view to identity hidden fractures.



Ankle/foot MRI is essential for visualizing the extent of injury on the muscle/tendon, Ligamentous and cartilage and bone

Locate the exact injury point; Allows the treatment to be more specific during the application of the treatment modalities.

Identify the extent of tissue damage and the presence of scar tissue; Provides valuable information regarding prognosis and the application of friction soft tissue modalities to aid on scar tissue removal.

Evaluate the fracture site


Treatment protocol

The treatment care should aim to restore the foot/ankle alignment, the soft tissue muscles/tendon and ligamentous health as well as stimulating and remodelling the cartilage growth and bine repair

Specific adjustments of key bones of the ankle and foot (Tibia, Talus and Calcaneus) followed by a rehabilitation regime to strengthen the entire soft tissue support of the ankle and foot.

Fracture site must be healing prior to correcting the misalignments

Soft tissue, cartilage and bone healing protocol

Application of Low-level Laser and PEMF directly over the injured tissues to aid on the cellular level of healing as well as improving the microcirculation for the area.

Friction soft tissue therapy helps to reduce dysfunctional scar tissue

Specific stretches and strengthening to improve the resilient of the soft tissue support

Specific selected essential oil application to enhance healing

Dry Needling to promotes blood flow and enhance the soft tissue and cartilage healing.

Depending on the level injury and chronicity, a minimum of 6 weeks up to 12 weeks of treatment care may be necessary to resolve this condition.